Posted by : Clamp School Tuesday, 3 July 2012
A noun is the name of a person, place, or thing. There are two basic classifications of nouns in English. They are called countable and uncountable nouns. But noun consists of:
a. Countable Nouns
Countable nouns have singular and plural forms.
Ø Names of person, their relationships, and their occupations.
One baby two boys
One daughter two daughters
One student two students
Ø Names of animals, plants, insect.
One dog two dogs
One flower two flowers
One bee two bees
Ø Names of things with a definite, individual shape.
One car two cars
One house two houses
One room two rooms
Ø Unit of measurement
One inch two inches
One pound two pounds
One degree two degrees
Ø Unit of classification in society.
One family two families
One country two countries
One language two languages
Ø Containers of non-count, solids, liquids, pastes and gases.
One bottle two bottles
One jar two jars
One tube two tubes
Ø A limited number of abstract concepts.
One idea two ideas
One invention two inventions
One plan two plans
Examples: - We have twenty dollars left.
- The temperature has risen ten degrees in two hours.
b. Uncountable Nouns
Remember that uncountable nouns have only one form. They are used in agreement with singular verbs. The word doesn’t precede them.
1. Food staples that can be purchased in various form:
Bread, meat, butter, etc.
2. Construction materials that can change shape, depending on what is made:
Wood, iron, glass, etc.
3. Liquids that can change shape, depending on the shape of the container:
Oil, tea, milk, etc.
4. Natural substances that can change shape, depending on natural laws:
Steam, water, ice, smoke, ashes, oxygen, etc.
5. Substances with many small parts:
Rice, sand, sugar, etc.
6. Groups of things that have different sizes and shapes:
Clothing (a coat, a shirt, a shock, etc.)
Furniture (a table, a chair, a bed, etc.)
Luggage (a suitcase, a trunk, a box, etc.)
7. Languages: Arabic, Spanish, Japanese, etc.
8. Abstract concepts, often with ending –ness, -ance, -ence, -ity:
Beauty, ignorance, peace, loneliness, etc.
9. Most –ing forms: learning, shopping, working, etc.
Examples: - Friendship is important.
- Toshi speaks Japanese at home.
- I like tea with milk.
- Meat is expensive in the grocery store on the corner.
c. Common Nouns
The noun in general categories.
Example: Car, man, animal, shirt.
d. Proper Nouns
Specific things such as the name of something or someone, brand, etc.
Example: - Rudi, Ahmad, Galunggung, Pangandaran.
- Toyota, Suzuki, Addidas.
e. Concrete Nouns
Something which can be detected by five senses.
Example: house, book, pen, etc.
f. Abstract Nouns
The Nouns which is modified from the other words.
Example: - ion: satisfaction, communication, relation to,